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ginettepetitGinette Lajoie graduated in geography from Université de Montréal in 1974 and then received a M.Sc. degree in physical geography from McGill University in 1978. She has worked for the Cree Regional Authority from 1987 to 2010 as Environmental Coordinator.

Ms. Lajoie’s experience in the environmental field is varied and touches upon issues such as environmental management in the Cree communities, environmental impact assessment, environmental auditing (soil contamination issues) and environmental policy development.

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guy-hetuArmed with degrees in Business Administration and Economics, Guy Hétu worked in the field of recreation and tourism, including on projects in South America. From 2000 to 2002, he was successively director general of the Association de la rivière Sainte-Marguerite and the Société d’aide au développement de la collectivité (SADC) Côte-Nord.

In 2002, Mr. Hétu took up the position of executive director of the James Bay regional conference of elected officers, where he remained until being hired as director general of the Nord-du-Québec regional office of the Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune in 2006.

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Strategic Environmental Assessment

A JBACE subcommittee examined how strategic environment assessment (SEA) could be integrated into the initiative to modernize the Environment Quality Act. In September 2015, the JBACE submitted a brief on the Green Paper relating to this issue. Then, in November 2016, the JBACE tabled another brief on Bill 102 modernizing the Environment Quality Act.

The JBACE has been interested in SEA since the launching of the Plan Nord. In 2010, the Committee recommended that the Québec government conduct a strategic environmental assessment in order to more effectively gauge the environmental and social capacity of northern regions to support large-scale development projects. The Committee reiterated this proposal, in June 2016, in relation to the government’s Strategic Vision for Mining Development in Québec.

Consideration of cumulative effects

The JBACE would like to improve its understanding of how cumulative effects are taken into account on the Territory of Section 22. In May 2016, the Committee tabled a study on the assessment of cumulative effects in the directives, impact statements, reviews and authorizations of seven projects submitted to the Section 22 procedure. During a workshop held in September 2016, the JBACE and assessment and review committees of Section 22 discussed the findings and recommendations of the study with a view to improving the procedure.

Review of Canadian Environmental Assessment Act (CEA Act)

The JBACE tabled a brief intended for the Expert Panel on the review of federal environmental assessment processes. The brief addresses, among other things, the linkage between the CEA Act procedure and the Section 22 assessment and review procedure.


Review of the Fisheries Act 2012

During the current review of the Fisheries Act 2012, the JBACE tabled comments to the Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans of the House of Commons in November 2016.

Since 2014, the JBACE is working with Fisheries and Oceans' Regional Office to ensure that due consideration is given to the fishing rights guaranteed to the Crees under the James Bay and Northern Québec Agreement. In March 2017, the Committee proposed a Guide  intended for proponents regarding the self-assessment they conduct for their projects near water in the Eeyou Istchee James Bay Territory.

Public participation process

The JBACE submitted a report of recommendations to the signatory parties concerned by Section 22 of the JBNQA in May 2015. The report focuses on public participation activities conducted during JBNQA Section 22 assessments and reviews. The recommendations pertain mainly to public access to information and transparency of the process.

By way of follow-up, the JBACE prepared a table showing the extent to which recent initiatives have enabled implementation of each of the recommendations.

The JBACE is currently working on a guide for project proponents regarding the Section 22 procedure and public participation.

Review of forest management plans

In accordance with its mandate, the JBACE reviews forest management plans before their approval by the Minister of Forests, Wildlife and Parks of Québec. In view of the tabling of draft tactical integrated forest management plans (‘PAFIT’, in French) applicable to the Section 22 Territory for the 2018-2023 period, the JBACE identified its review parameters in February 2017. 

On June 9th 2017, the JBACE wrote to the Ministère des Forêts, de la Faune et des Parcs to ensure effective interlinkages between forest planning and the woodland caribou recovery strategy. The JBACE recommends that the measures in the woodland caribou long-term recovery strategy be integrated into the develoment of the PAFITs applicable to the Eeyou Istchee James Bay Territory.






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ccebjThe James Bay and Northern Québec Agreement (1975) established an environmental and social protection regime for the James Bay territory (Eeyou Istchee). The role of the JBACE is to oversee the administration of the regime. The latter provides for the review of laws and regulations to make sure they do not affect the rights guaranteed to the Crees, as well as for an environmental and social impact assessment and review procedure to minimize the negative impact of development.

The JBACE is currently working towards modernizing the impact assessment and review procedure in the light of social and technological changes and public participation standards. In addition, it has put forward a proposal for addressing major environmental and social issues relating to northern development.

Our Mandate

The James Bay Advisory Committee on the Environment (JBACE) is tasked with overseeing the administration of the environmental and social protection regime established by the James Bay and Northern Québec Agreement (JBNQA – Section 22). The JBACE advises the responsible governments regarding the formulation of policies, laws and regulations that might affect the environment and communities in the James Bay territory (Eeyou Istchee). The JBACE also oversees the environmental and social impact assessment and review procedure, which provides for special involvement of the Cree people. Lastly, the JBACE provides the Cree First Nations with advice and data obtained from the governments.

JBACE Members


Melissa Saganash
Director of Québec Relations
Cree Nation Government

Chantal Otter Tétreault, Vice-Chairperson
Environmental Analyst
Cree Nation Government

Marc Dunn
Environment Director
Niskamoon Corposation 


Manon Cyr
Municipality of Chibougamau

François Provost
Director General - Coordination of the Management of Forests
Ministry of Forests, Wildlife and Parks (MFFP)
Mélanie Chabot
Project Manager - Protected Areas
Ministry of Sustainable Development, Environment & Fight against Climate Change ('MDDELCC')
Maud Ablain
Coordinator for Mining Projects - Environmental Assessment Division
Ministry of Sustainable Development, Environment & Fight against Climate Change ('MDDELCC')
Members appointed by the Government of Canada :

Annie Déziel
Senior Policy Advisor
Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency

Caroline Girard
Senior Negotiator
Implementation Branch - Treaties and Aboriginal Government
Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada

Jean Picard
Manager, Aboriginal Affairs
Strategic Relations Division
Regional Director General's Office - Atlantic and Quebec Regions
Environment Canada

Jean-Yves Savaria, Chairperson
Fisheries Protection Division
Regional Ecosystems Management Branch
Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Ex officio member from Hunting, Fishing and Trapping Coordinating Committee (HFTCC) :

Caroline Girard
Senior Negotiator
Implementation Branch - Treaties and Aboriginal Government
Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada



The secretariat organizes the meetings of the JBACE and its subcommittees, writes up the meeting minutes and informs the responsible governments and interested organizations of the Committee’s decisions. It also examines current issues and, if necessary, formulates recommendations for the members’ consultation and comments. All documents adopted by the JBACE are available to the public on request.

The Government of Canada contributes 50% of the secretariat’s budget and the Québec government and Cree Regional Authority, 25% each.

The secretariat has three employees: 

Latest News & Events

Implementation of 2012 Fisheries Act

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In March 2017, the JBACE presented a Guide to ensure consideration of Aboriginal fisheries during project self-assessments in accordance with the 2012 Fisheries Act. The production of this guide stems from the JBACE's recommendation sent to the DFO in August 2014.